Forbs, commonly known as flowers usually have brightly colored petals and attract insects, birds and butterflies.
The unusual foliage of ferns adds special interest to the shade or woodland garden. Native ferns are becoming popular plants with gardeners.
Grasses provide seed and cover for birds, and many large animals depend on grass for forage. Sedges are plants that look much like grasses.
Incorporating trees and shrubs into your landscape will provide perching places for songbirds as well as four-season interest.