Trees, Vines and Shrubs

Incorporating trees and shrubs into your landscape will provide perching places for songbirds as well as four-season interest. Many trees and shrubs have wonderful blossoms and fruit or seeds for wildlife. Vines are often forgotten as landscaping plants. Filling a vital ecological niche, vines can bear attractive flowers or foliage and provide fleshy fruit for wintering birds and mammals. Use vines to crawl up a trellis, fence or wall creating a wonderful habitat for wildlife.

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American Plum

Prunus americana
A multi-stemmed shrubby small tree to 25 ft. White spring blossoms; purple fruit in late summer. Full sun, wide range of soils. Will sucker to form a thicket. Important wildlife shrub spring through early winter.

Black Chokeberry

Aronia melanocarpa

Black Walnut

Juglans nigra

Buttonbush

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Common Elderberry

Sambucus canadensis
Moist soil, full to part sun. 5-15 ft. This shrub has tiny white flowers. Blooms June-Aug with purple berries in fall. Berries edible; excellent wildlife food. May spread.

Coralberry (Indian Currant)

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Part to full shade, dry to moist soil. 2-5 ft. shrub, blooms Apr-Jun pink/white. Attracts hummers. Coral-colored fruit in fall. Spreads by branches on ground.

Downy Serviceberry

Amelanchier arborea

Flowering Dogwood

Cornus florida

Great St. John's Wort

Hypericum pyramidatum

Grey Birch

Betula populifolia

Hazelnut

Corylus americana

Indigo Bush

Amorpha fruticosa
This woody plant of floodplains and pond edges provides great tiny, purple blossoms in June through August. Growing in full to part sun, this shrub can reach heights from 6-15 feet.

Ironwood

Ostrya virginiana
Moist, rich soil, full sun to part shade. 20-30’ with colorful fall foliage. Smooth, gray bark. Blooms April. Seeds for birds, host for butterflies. Also called Musclewood, American Hop Hornbeam or Blue Beech

Leadplant

Amorpha canescens

Maple-leaf Viburnum

Viburnum acerifolium
A multi-stemmed, suckering, shrub of woods and prairies. Blooms white flower clusters in June. Nectar for insects; host for Spring Azure. 4-6 ft tall and wide. Blue-black fruit for birds. Edible berries.

Meadowsweet

Spiraea alba
Part to full sun, this short shrub dons white blossoms in summer. Can become aggressive in wet to moist soil, 4’ ft. Blooms June-Sept

Nannyberry

Viburnum lentago
Moist soil: part shade to shade. Up to 20 ft. White flowers in Apr-Jun followed by purple berries. Salt tolerant. Bright red fall foliage. Suckers. Seeds for birds, nectar for pollinators.

New Jersey Tea

Ceanothus americanus
This woody shrub is about 3’ at maturity. Its clustered bright white blossoms are a favorite of many insects. Hummingbirds may feed on the insects that are nectaring on the flowers. A long-lived small shrub, New Jersey Tea requires well-drained, dry to medium soil in full to part shade

Ninebark

Physocarpus opulifolius
Grows best in full to part sun in dry to moist soil in clay, rocky, dry soils. 5-8 ft. tall with 4-6 ft spreading shrub. Blooms profuse white clusters in spring turning to reddish fruit clusters; Interesting reddish-tan peeling bark for winter interest. Good hedge, great erosion control.

Ohio Buckeye

Aesculus glabra

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Thanks to Rick Webb (Wild Ones) for use of many of his photos.